1) Lichterman, Paul. 2002. “Seeing Structure Happen: Theory-Driven Participant Observation.” In Methods of Social Movement Research, 118–45. Social Movements, Protest, and Contention ; v. 16. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. (Book is on reserve for class.)
2) Lichterman, Paul. 1998. “What Do Movements Mean? The Value of Participant-Observation.” Qualitative Sociology 21 (4): 401–18. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezp-prod1.hul.harvard.edu/10.1023/A:1023380326563
3) Lopez, Stephen H. 2000. “Contesting the Global City: Pittsburgh’s Public Service Unions Confront a Neoliberal Agenda.” In Global Ethnography: Forces, Connections, and Imaginations in a Postmodern World, edited by Michael Burawoy, 268–98. Berkeley: University of California Press. Lopez2000PittsburghPublicServiceUnions.pdf
4) Schiffman, Josepha. 1991. “‘Fight the Power’: Two Groups Mobilize for Peace.” In Ethnography Unbound: Power and Resistance in the Modern Metropolis, edited by Michael Burawoy, 58–79. Berkeley: University of California Press. Schiffman1991FightThePower.pdf
For those wanting a very detailed Practical/ "How-to" oriented perspective, this is a good choice:
Lofland, John. 2006. Analyzing Social Settings: A Guide to Qualitative Observation and Analysis. 4th ed. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning Firm. (On reserve for the class.)
- Chapters 2-4 on Gathering Data are a good introduction to choosing sites, "getting in" or gaining entree, and the dynamics and challenges of conducting this type of research.
The Lichterman 2002 article above also covers a number of practical issues.